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1987–The long-running teen music show, American Bandstand, is canceled. The popular, legendary show made its nationwide debut in August of 1957.

590–Authari, King of the Lombards, dies of poisoning in Pavia, Neustria, Lombard Kingdom, at age 50.

917–Liu Yan declares himself Emperor, establishing the Southern Han state in southern China, at his capital of Panyu.

1165–Emperor Nijo of Japan dies in Japan, at age 22.

1187–King Louis VIII of France is born in Paris, France. He also claimed the title King of England from 1216 to 1217.

1201–Constance, Duchess of Brittany, dies in Nantes, France, at age 40. Some historians believe she died of leprosy; others believe she died from complications of childbirth, shortly after delivering twin daughters.

1235–Henry I, Duke of Brabant, dies in Cologne, Kingdom of Germany, Holy Roman Empire, at age 70.

1319–Peter IV of Aragon is born in Balaguer, Catalonia. He was King of Aragon, Valencia, and Majorca, as well as Count of Barcelona.

1548–Catherine Parr, wife of King Henry VIII of England, dies from complications of childbirth at Sudeley Castle, Gloucestershire, England, at age 35. She outlived King Henry by a year. She was Queen of England and Ireland (1543-1547), and was the last of his six wives.

1569–Flemish painter, Pieter Breughel the Elder, dies. He painted many domestic scenes with allegorical implications, such as “The Fall of Icarus,” which Auden made famous in his poem “Musée de Beaux Arts.”

1590–Alexander Farnese's army forces Henry IV of France to lift the siege of Paris.

1638–King Louis XIV of France (1643-1715), is born at Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France. He was known as “The Sun King.” He had a reign of 72 years, the longest of any major European monarch.

1661–Louis XIV Superintendent of Finances is arrested in Nantes by D'Artagnan, captain of the king's musketeers.

1666–The Great Fire of London ends, with 10,000 buildings, including St Paul's Cathedral, being destroyed. Only six people are known to have died.

1697–A French warship, commanded by Captain Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, defeats an English squadron at the Battle of Hudson's Bay.

1698–In an effort to Westernize his nobility, Tsar Peter I of Russia imposes a tax on beards for all men except the clergy and peasantry.

1725–King Louis XV marries Maria Leszczynska.

1735–Composer, Johann Christian Bach, is born in Leipzig, Germany. He was the youngest son of Johann Sebastian Bach and was known as “The Great Bach” to distinguish him from his father.

1772–Iranian King, Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, is born in Damghan, Iran.

1774–The First Continental Congress assembles in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1793–The French National Convention initiates the Reign of Terror. This was a period of violence that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution, incited by conflict between two rival political factions, the Girondins and the Jacobins. It was marked by mass executions of "enemies of the revolution." The death toll ranged in the tens of thousands, with 16,594 executed by guillotine (2,639 in Paris), and another 25,000 in summary executions across France.

1798–Conscription is made mandatory in France by the Jourdan Law. It stipulates that all single and childless men between the ages of 20 and 25 are liable for military service.

1812–The Siege of Fort Wayne begins when Chief Winamac's forces attack two soldiers returning from the fort's outhouses.

1816–Louis XVIII has to dissolve what he terms the Chambre introuvable ("Unobtainable Chamber"). This was the first Chamber of Deputies elected after the Second Bourbon Restoration in 1815. It was dominated by Ultra-royalists who completely refused to accept the results of the French Revolution.

1817–Poet, author, and playwright, Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, is born in Saint Petersburg, Russia. He is considered to be the most important 19th-century Russian historical dramatist, primarily on the strength of his dramatic trilogy The Death of Ivan the Terrible, Tsar Fyodor Ioannovich, and Tsar Boris. His fictional works include the novella The Vampire, and the historical novel Prince Serebrenni. Aleksey was a member of the Tolstoy family, and a second cousin of Leo Tolstoy.

1833–Businessman, George Huntington Hartford, is born in Augusta, Maine. He headed The Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company from 1878 to 1917. During this period, A&P created the concept of the chain grocery store and expanded into the country's largest retailer. By 1930, A&P operated approximately 16,000 stores and became the first retailer to report a combined revenue of $1 billion.

1836–Sam Houston is elected as the first President of the Republic of Texas.

1839–The United Kingdom declares war on the Qing Dynasty of China.

1840–The premiere of Giuseppe Verdi's Un giorno di regno takes place at La Scala of Milan in Italy.

1847–Old West outlaw, Jesse (Woodson) James, is born in Kearney, Missouri. He was a gang leader, bank robber, train robber, murderer, and the most famous member of the James-Younger Gang. Already a celebrity when he was alive, he became a legendary figure of the Wild West after his death.

1850–Businessman, Jack Daniel, is born Jasper Newton Daniel in Lynchburg, Tennessee. He was an American distiller and the founder of the Jack Daniel's Tennessee whiskey distillery.

1857–Sociologist and philosopher, Auguste Comte, dies of stomach cancer in Paris, France, at age 59. He was a founder of the discipline of sociology and of the doctrine of positivism. Comte developed the positive philosophy in an attempt to remedy the social malaise of the French Revolution, calling for a new social doctrine based on the sciences. He coined the word altruisme (altruism).

1862–Pioneering meteorologist, James Glaisher, and Henry Tracey Coxwell break the world record for altitude while collecting data in their hot air balloon.

1864–François Achille Bazaine becomes Marshal of France.

1876–Politician, Manuel Blanco Encalada, dies in Santiago, Chile, at age 86. He was the first President of Chile.

1877–In the American Indian Wars, Oglala Sioux Chief, Crazy Horse, is bayoneted by a U.S. soldier and dies after resisting confinement in a guardhouse at Fort Robinson, Nebraska, at age 35.

1880–José María of Manila is born Eugenio del Saz-Orozco Mortera in Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines, Spanish East Indies. He was a priest of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin. He was martyred in the early phase of the Spanish Civil War, and is the third Filipino to have been declared blessed by the Roman Catholic Church.

1882–The first U.S. Labor Day holiday parade is held in New York City. It is sponsored by the Central Labor Union. Around 10,000 workers, all men, participate in the parade.

1887–A fire at the Theatre Royal in Exeter, England, kills 186 people.

1888–Philosopher and politician, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, is born in Thiruttani, Madras Presidency, British India (present-day Tamil Nadu, India). He was the second President of India. His philosophy was grounded in Advaita Vedanta, reinterpreting this tradition for a contemporary understanding. He defended Hinduism against "uninformed Western criticism," and was influential in shaping the understanding of Hinduism, in both India and the West.

1897–Market analyst, Arthur Nielsen, is born Arthur Charles Nielsen, Sr. in Chicago, Illinois. He founded the ACNielsen company. He was a pioneer in developing methods of measuring the audience of radio and television broadcasting programs, most notably the Nielsen ratings.

1897–Super-centenarian, Ella Schuler, is born Ella Winkelmann in Fontenelle, Nebraska. She will live to the age of 113 (and 244 days). She used Facebook, which at the time made her the site's oldest member.

1902–Film director and studio executive, Darryl F. Zanuck, is born in Wahoo, Nebraska. He played a major part in the Hollywood studio system and was one of its longest survivors having started during the silent era. He was the mastermind behind Cinemascope: the widescreen version of film that is common today. As a producer, his films include Tobacco Road, How Green Was My Valley, The Razor’s Edge, Gentleman’s Agreement, The Snake Pit, All About Eve, The Longest Day, and The Chapman Report.

1905–In New Hampshire, the Treaty of Portsmouth, mediated by President Theodore Roosevelt, ends the Russo-Japanese War.

1912–Jazz composer, John Cage, is born John Milton Cage, Jr. at Good Samaritan Hospital in downtown Los Angeles, California. He was amusic theorist, writer, and artist. A pioneer of indeterminacy in music, electroacoustic music, and non-standard use of musical instruments, Cage was one of the leading figures of the post-war avant-garde.

1915–The pacifist Zimmerwald Conference begins. It is the first of three international socialist conferences, convened by anti-militarist socialist parties from countries that were originally neutral during World War I.

1921–A party given by actor, Fatty Arbuckle, in San Francisco, California, ends with the death of the young actress, Virginia Rappe. This is one of the first scandals of the Hollywood community.

1921–Film industry executive, Jack (Joseph) Valenti, is born in Houston Texas. He was a longtime President of the Motion Picture Association of America. During his 38-year tenure, he created the MPAA film rating system. The system initially comprised four distinct ratings: G, M, R, and X. The M rating would soon be replaced by GP, which was later changed to PG. In 1990, the NC-17 rating was introduced as a trademarked "adults only" replacement for the non-trademarked X-rating. The PG-13 rating was added in 1984.

1927–The first Oswald the Lucky Rabbit cartoon, Trolley Troubles, produced by Walt Disney, is released by Universal Pictures.

1929–Comedian and actor, Bob Newhart, is born in Oak Park, Illinois. Known for his deadpan and slightly stammering delivery, Newhart came to prominence in the 1960s, when his album of comedic monologues The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart was a worldwide bestseller. But he is best known for starring in two long-running sitcoms: The Bob Newhart Show and Newhart.

1932–The French Upper Volta is broken apart between Ivory Coast, French Sudan, and Niger.

1934–Actress, Carol Lawrence, is born Carol Maria Laraia in Melrose Park, Illinois. She appeared on television in the shows Rawhide, Combat!, Wagon Train, The Fugitive, Hawaii 5-0, Marcus Welby, M.D., Medical Center, Kung Fu, Mannix, and Murder She Wrote. She was married to singer-actor, Robert Goulet.

1935–Author, Werner Erhard, is born John Paul Rosenberg in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He is a creator of transformational models and applications for individuals, groups, and organizations. He founded Werner Erhard and Associates and The Hunger Project. He is best known for creating and operating Erhard Seminars Training, commonly referred to as "est" (1971-1983).

1937–Actor, William (Joseph) Devane, is born in Albany, New York. He is best known for the role of Greg Sumner on the primetime soap opera Knots Landing. He appeared in the films McCabe & Mrs. Miller, Report to the Commissioner, Marathon Man, Yanks, Testament, and Space Cowboys.

1938–A group of youths, affiliated with the fascist National Socialist Movement of Chile, are assassinated in the Seguro Obrero massacre.

1939–John (Coburn) Stewart, of The Kingston Trio, is born in San Diego, California. He wrote The Monkees' #1 hit Daydream Believer.

1940–Actress, Raquel Welch, is born Jo Raquel Tejada in Chicago, Illinois. A poster of Welch in a deer-skin bikini, turned her into an instant pin-up girl and icon of the 1960s and 1970s. She appeared in the films Roustabout, Fantastic Voyage, One Million Years B.C., Bedazzled, Bandolero!, The Magic Christian, Myra Breckinridge, Hannie Caulder, Kansas City Bomber, The Last of Sheila, The Three Musketeers, and The Four Musketeers. Her daughter is actress, Tawnee Welch.

1941–The entire territory of Estonia is occupied by Nazi Germany.

1942–Film director, Werner Herzog (Stipetic), is born in Munich, Germany. He is considered one of the greatest figures of the New German Cinema, along with Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Margarethe von Trotta, Volker Schlöndorff, Werner Schröter, and Wim Wenders. His films include Signs of Life, Heart of Glass, and Fitzcarraldo.

1944–Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg establish the Benelux Union. The name “Benelux” is formed from joining the first two or three letters of each country's name (Belgium Netherlands and Luxembourg).

1945–Igor Gouzenko, a Soviet Union embassy clerk, defects to Canada, exposing Soviet espionage in North America, signaling the beginning of the Cold War.

1945–Iva Toguri D'Aquino, a Japanese American suspected of being wartime radio propagandist Tokyo Rose, is arrested in Yokohama, Japan.

1945–Singer-songwriter, Al Stewart, is born Alastair Ian Stewart in Glasgow, Scotland. He is best known for the songs Year of the Cat and Time Passages.

1946–Baseball player, Joe Garagiola, plays his first Major League game.

1946–Freddie Mercury, lead singer of Queen, is born Farrokh Bulsara in Stone Town, Sultanate of Zanzibar, East Africa (present-day Tanzania). Mercury spent most of his childhood in India, and began taking piano lessons at the age of seven. At age 17, he and his family relocated to Feltham, Middlesex, England. One of the most revered rock vocalists of all time, Mercury wrote 10 of the 17 songs on Queen's Greatest Hits album: Bohemian Rhapsody, Seven Seas of Rhye, Killer Queen, Somebody to Love, Good Old-Fashioned Lover Boy, We Are the Champions, Bicycle Race, Don't Stop Me Now, Crazy Little Thing Called Love, and Play the Game.

1946–Drummer, Buddy Miles, is born in Omaha, Nebraska. He played with Electric Flag, Santana, and Jimi Hendrix's Band of Gypsys.

1946–Folksinger, Loudon (Snowden) Wainwright III, is born is born in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. He is best known for the 1972 novelty song Dead Skunk (in the Middle of the Road). He is the father of musicians Rufus Wainwright, Martha Wainwright, and Lucy Wainwright Roche; brother of Sloan Wainwright; and the former husband of folksinger, Kate McGarrigle.

1947–Chip Davis, of Mannheim Steamroller, is born Louis F. Davis, Jr. in Hamler, Ohio. Davis founded Mannheim Steamroller in 1974, to showcase his interest in fusing modern popular and classical techniques. Mannheim Steamroller released Mannheim Steamroller Christmas in 1984, and Davis is credited with revolutionizing the "traditional" sounds of Christmas music.

1948–In France, Robert Schuman becomes President of the Council, while being Foreign Minister, making him the negotiator of the major treaties at the end of World War II.

1949–Clem Clempson, of Humble Pie, is born David Clempson in Tamworth, Staffordshire, England.

1950–Cartoonist, Cathy (Lee) Guisewite, is born in Dayton, Ohio. She created the innovative comic strip, “Cathy,” which ran in major newspapers for 37 years.

1951–Actor, Michael Keaton, is born Michael John Douglas in Robinson Township, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. He appeared in the films Night Shift, Mr. Mom, Johnny Dangerously, Gung Ho, Beetlejuice, Clean and Sober, Batman, Pacific Heights, One Good Cop, My Life, and Birdman.

1953–Actor, director, and producer, Francis Ford, dies in Los Angeles, California, at age 72. Ford may have acted in over 400 films, with many of his early credits poorly documented and probably lost. The films he was involved with include Frankenstein, Scarface, Destry Rides Again, The Plainsman, The Prisoner of Zenda, A Star Is Born, Stagecoach, Drums Along the Mohawk, Young Mr. Lincoln, They Died with Their Boots On, Tobacco Road, The Ox-Now Incident, 3 Godfathers, and She Wore a Yellow Ribbon.

1955–A chart topper: Rock Around the Clock by Bill Haley & His Comets.

1956–Burton C. Mossman dies of old age at his Diamond A Ranch, near Roswell, New Mexico, at age 89. He was a lawman and cattleman in the final years of the Old West. He is best remembered for his capture of the notorious border bandit, Augustine Chacon, in 1902. Rory Calhoun played Mossman in an episode of the TV Western series, Death Valley Days, entitled "The Measure of a Man."

1957–On the Road, by beat author, Jack Kerouac, is published. It is the story of Sal Paradise and Dean Moriarty roaring across America and was the book that defined the Beat Generation. The book got good reviews: The New York Times called it "the most beautifully executed utterance yet made by the generation Kerouac himself named years ago as beat." Gilbert Millstein said, “Just as, more than any other novel of the 1920s, The Sun Also Rises, came to be regarded as the testament of the Lost Generation, so it seems certain that On The Road will come to be known as that of the Beat Generation."

1958–The first color video recording on magnetic tape is presented.

1960–Poet, Léopold Sédar Senghor, is elected as the first President of Senegal.

1960–Boxer, Cassius Clay, captures the Light Heavyweight Boxing gold medal at the Olympic Games in Rome, Italy.

1964–The Beatles, on tour in America, perform at the International Amphitheater in Chicago, Illinois.

1964–A chart topper: The House of the Rising Sun by The Animals.

1964–Manfred Mann's Do Wah Diddy Diddy is released.

1965–The Rolling Stones fly to Los Angeles, California, where they will record their hit Get Off of My Cloud.

1966–John Lennon flies to Celle, West Germany, to begin filming How I Won the War with director Richard Lester. His role of Private Gripweed calls for a haircut and a pair of National Health wire-rimmed glasses (granny glasses), which John will continue to wear for the rest of his life.

1967–The Doors single, People Are Strange, is released.

1969–U.S. Army Lieutenant, William Calley, is charged with six specifications of premeditated murder for the death of 109 Vietnamese civilians at the My Lai Massacre.

1969–Musician, Dweezil Zappa, is born Ian Donald Calvin Euclid Zappa in Los Angeles, California. The hospital at which he was born refused to register him under the name Dweezil, so his father, Frank Zappa, listed the names of several musician friends. "Dweezil" was a nickname coined by his dad for his mother’s oddly-curled pinky-toe. At five years old, Dweezil learned that his legal name was different, and he insisted on having his nickname become his legal name: an attorney was hired and soon the name Dweezil was official. His siblings are Moon Unit, Diva, and Ahmet Zappa.

1970–Jochen Rindt becomes the only driver to posthumously win the Formula One World Drivers' Championship, after being killed during practice rounds for the Italian Grand Prix.

1972–A Palestinian terrorist group, "Black September," takes 11 Israeli athletes hostage at the Olympic Games in Munich, Germany. Two people die in the attack and nine others die the following day.

1972–Several avant garde films by John Lennon and Yoko Ono are shown at Alexandra Palace in London, England. Cold Turkey, The Ballad of John and Yoko, Give Peace a Chance, Instant Karma, and Up Your Leg Forever are screened as part of the London Art Spectrum.

1975–Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme attempts to assassinate President Gerald Ford in Sacramento, California.

1977–Hanns Martin Schleyer is kidnapped in Cologne, West Germany, by the Red Army Faction. He was a German business executive and a former Nazi SS Obersturmfuehrer, who served as President of two powerful commercial organizations, Confederation of German Employers' Associations and Federation of German Industries.

1977–U.S. Voyager 1 is launched into space, heading toward Jupiter and Saturn.

1978–Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat begin peace discussions overseen by President Jimmy Carter at Camp David, Maryland.

1978–Joe Negroni, of Frankie Lyman & The Teenagers, dies a cerebral hemorrhage in New York, New York, at age 37.

1979–A chart topper: My Sharona by The Knack.

1980–The Gotthard Road Tunnel opens in Switzerland as the world's longest highway tunnel at 10.14 miles, stretching from Göschenen to Airolo.

1984–The Space Shuttle Discovery lands after its maiden voyage.

1984–Western Australia becomes the last Australian state to abolish capital punishment.

1984–Psychic and author, Jane Roberts, dies of protein depletion, osteomyelitis, and soft-tissue infections in Elmira, New York, at age 55. She was a spirit medium, who claimed to channel an energy personality who called himself "Seth." Her publication of the Seth texts, known as the "Seth Material," established her as one of the preeminent figures in the world of paranormal phenomena. Seth's effect upon New Age thinkers has been profound. Testimonials from some of the most notable thinkers and writers within the movement (Marianne Williamson, Deepak Chopra, Shakti Gawain, Dan Millman, Louise Hay, Richard Bach, and others), express the effect the Seth Material had upon their own awakening. Her books include The Seth Material, Seth Speaks: The Eternal Validity of the Soul, The Nature of Personal Reality, and Adventures in Consciousness: An Introduction to Aspect Psychology.

1986–Pan Am Flight 73 is hijacked at Karachi International Airport with 358 people on board.

1987–Homomonument open in Amsterdam, Netherlands. It commemorates all gay men and lesbians who have been subjected to persecution because of their homosexuality. It takes the form of three large pink triangles made of granite, set into the ground so as to form a larger triangle, on the bank of the Keizersgracht canal, near the historic Westerkerk church. The Homomonument was designed to "inspire and support lesbians and gays in their struggle against denial, oppression, and discrimination." It was the first monument in the world to commemorate gays and lesbians who were killed by the Nazis.

1987–The long-running teen music show, American Bandstand, is canceled. The popular, legendary show made its nationwide debut in August of 1957.

1987–Television producer, Quinn Martin, dies of a heart attack in Rancho Santa Fe, California, at age 65. In 1960, Martin established his own production company, QM Productions. His TV shows included The Fugitive, Twelve O'Clock High, The F.B.I., The Invaders, The Streets of San Francisco, Cannon, and Barnaby Jones.

1990–In the Sri Lankan Civil War, Sri Lankan Army soldiers slaughter 158 civilians.

1990–Blues musician, B.B. King, receives a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

1991–The current international treaty defending indigenous peoples, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention o 1989, comes into force.

1996–Capitol Records releases The Beatles Anthology videotape set, which consists of 10 hours of material.

1996–Hurricane Fran makes landfall near Cape Fear, North Carolina, as a Category 3 storm with 115 mph sustained winds. Fran causes over $3 billion in damage and kills 27 people.

1997–Conductor, Georg Solti, dies in his sleep while on vacation in Antibes in the south of France, at age 84. He was best known for his appearances with opera companies in Munich, Frankfurt, and London, and as a long-serving music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, a post he held for 22 years.

1997–Mother Teresa dies of a heart attack at her Missionaries of Charity headquarters in Calcutta, West Bengal, India, at age 87. The Albanian nun had celebrated her 87th birthday just nine days earlier. Mother Teresa lay in repose in St Thomas, Calcutta, for one week prior to her funeral. She was granted a state funeral by the Indian government in gratitude for her services to the poor of all religions in India. The recipient of the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize, Mother Teresa gave hope to millions, caring for, helping, and listening to the poor and downtrodden.

1998–Director and screenwriter, Leo Penn, dies of lung cancer in Santa Monica, California, at age 77. His work in television includes Ben Casey, Dr. Kildare, I Spy, Judd for the Defense, Room 222, Bonanza, Little House on the Prairie, Cannon, Marcus Welby, M.D., Kojak, Starsky and Hutch, Barnaby Jones, Hart to Hart, Trapper John, M.D., St. Elsewhere, Magnum, P.I., Columbo, In the Heat of the Night, and Matlock.

1999–Television producer, Allen Funt, dies from a stroke in Pebble Beach, California, at age 84. He was a director, writer, and television personality, best known as the creator and host of TV series Candid Camera from the 1940s to 1980s.

2003–Singer, Gisele MacKenzie, dies of colon cancer in Burbank, California, at age 76. She is best known for her performances on the popular television program, Your Hit Parade, in the 1950s.

2012–A firecracker factory explodes near Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu, killing 40 people and injuring 50 others.

2012–An accidental explosion at a Turkish Army ammunition store in Afyon, Turkey, kills 25 soldiers and wounds four others.

2012–Singer, Joe South, dies of heart failure in Buford, Georgia, at age 72. Best known for his songwriting, South won the Grammy Award for “Song of the Year” for Games People Play in 1970. He also wrote Walk a Mile in My Shoes and Rose Garden. Artists who have recorded South-penned songs include Johnny Cash, Glen Campbell, Loretta Lynn, Carol Burnett, Andy Williams, Kitty Wells, Dottie West, Jim Nabors, Liz Anderson, The Georgia Satellites, and k.d. lang.

2015–Frederick "Dennis" Greene, of Sha Na Na, dies esophageal cancer in Dayton, Ohio, at age 66. Up to the time of his death, Greene was a Professor of Law at the University of Dayton School of Law, teaching classes such as Torts, Entertainment Law, and Constitutional Law.

2016–A Tel Aviv, Israel, A four-story parking lot under construction in Tel Aviv, Israel, collapses, killing at least two people and injuring 18 others.

2016–Navajo code talker, Joe Hosteen Kellwood, dies at the Veterans Hospital in Phoenix, Arizona, at age 95. He was a U.S. Marine who served in the First Marine Division in the Pacific front, seeing battle in Cape Gloucester, Peleliu, and Okinawa. He received the Congressional Silver Medal for his service.

2016–Actor, Hugh O’Brian, dies at his home in Beverly Hills, California, at age 91. He is best known for his starring role in the Western TV series The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp. He appeared in the films D.O.A., Rocketship X-M, The Return of Jesse James, The Cimmaron Kid, The Lawless Breed, There's No Business Like Show Business, In Harm’s Way, Ten Little Indians, The Shootist, and Twins.

2016–Constitutional lawyer and conservative activist, Phyllis Schafly, dies in Ladue, Missouri, at age 92.

PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Emperor Nijo of Japan; Catherine Parr; the first Continental Congress; Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy; a bottle of Jack Daniel's whiskey; the first U.S. Labor Day parade; Darryl F. Zanuck; Jack Valenti; Werner Erhard; Rachel Welch; Iva Toguri D'Aquino (Tokyo Rose); Chip Davis; On the Road by Jack Kerouac; John Lennon on location for How I Won the War; Jochen Rindt; Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat on the cover of Time magazine; Jane Roberts; Quinn Martin; Mother Teresa; Gisele MacKenzie; and Hugh O'Brian.

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