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Santa Fe, NM Ranch, Investment and commercial property real estate

1933–Conway Twitty is born Harold Lloyd Jenkins in Friars Point, Mississippi. He will adopt his stage name in 1957, taking his new first name from the town of Conway, Arkansas. He scored 39 #1 Billboard country hits (including four duets with Loretta Lynn), among them, Hello Darlin' and You've Never Been This Far Before. His earlier rock and roll hits include It’s Only Make Believe and Lonely Blue Boy.



69–This is the traditional date of the destruction of Jerusalem.

462–The first Byzantine indiction cycle begins. An indiction is any of the years in a 15-year cycle used to date medieval documents throughout Europe, both East and West. Each year of a cycle is numbered: first indiction, second indiction, etc.

717–The Muslim armada with 1,800 ships, is defeated by the Byzantine navy through the use of Greek fire.

1159–Pope Adrian IV dies of quinsy in Anagni, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire, at age 59.

1286–Elizabeth Richeza of Poland is born in Poznan, Poland. She was a member of the House of Piast and by her two marriages Queen consort of Bohemia, Poland, and Duchess consort of Austria and Styria. She became a nun in 1339.

1449–Mongols capture the Emperor of China.

1529–The Spanish fort of Sancti Spiritu, the first one built in modern Argentina, is destroyed by natives.

1532–Lady Anne Boleyn is made Marquess of Pembroke by her fiancé, King Henry VIII of England.

1581–Guru Ram Das, fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism, dies in Amritsar, Punjab, Pakistan, at age 46.

1588–Henri, Prince of Condé, is born Henri de Bourbon in Saint-Jean-d'Angély, France. He became Prince of Condé shortly after his birth, following the death of his father, Henri I. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a Prince du Sang.

1593–Mumtaz Mahal is born Arjumand Banu Begum in Agra, Mughal Empire. She was married on May 10, 1612, at age 19, to Prince Khurram, later known as Emperor Shah Jahan. He conferred upon her the title of "Mumtaz Mahal." She dies during the birth of their 14th child in Burhanpur, Mughal Empire, at age 37. Her husband will spend more than 20 years building her tomb, the world famous Taj Mahal.

1604–Adi Granth, now known as Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhs, is first installed at Harmandir Sahib.

1644–In the Battle of Tippermuir, James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose, defeats the Earl of Wemyss's Covenanters, reviving the Royalist cause.

1653–Composer, Johann Pachelbel, is born in in Nuremberg, Germany. He is best known for his Canon in D. He composed a large body of sacred and secular music, and his contributions to the development of the chorale prelude and fugue have earned him a place among the most important composers of the middle Baroque era.

1711–William IV, Prince of Orange, is born in Leeuwarden, Dutch Republic. He was the first hereditary Stadtholder of the United Provinces.

1715–King Louis XIV of France dies of gangrene at the Palace of Versailles in Versailles, France, at age 76. He had a reign of 72 years, the longest of any major European monarch.

1752–The Liberty Bell arrives in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1763–Catherine II of Russia endorses Ivan Betskoy's plans for a Foundling Home in Moscow.

1772–Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa is founded in San Luis Obispo, California.

1774–Massachusetts Bay colonists rise up in the bloodless Powder Alarm.

1781–Los Angeles, California, is founded by Spanish settlers.

1795–Publisher, James Gordon Bennett, Sr., is born in Keith, Scotland. He founded The New York Herald. By the time Bennett turned control of the Herald over to his son, James Gordon Bennett Jr., in 1866, it had the highest circulation in America. However, under the younger Bennetts' stewardship, the paper declined, and it was merged with its arch-rival The New York Tribune.

1804–Juno, one of the four largest asteroids in the Main Belt, is discovered by German astronomer, Karl Ludwig Harding.

1818–Politician, José María Castro Madriz, is born in San José, Costa Rica. He was the first President of Costa Rica. At age 29, he was the youngest person to serve as the Costa Rican President.

1821–The first colonies are established along the Santa Fe Trail.

1831–The high honor of Order of St. Gregory the Great is established by Pope Gregory XVI of the Vatican State, to recognize high support for the Vatican or for the Pope, by a man or a woman, and not necessarily a Roman Catholic.

1836–Narcissa Whitman, one of the first English-speaking white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.

1854–Composer, Engelbert Humperdinck, is born in Siegburg, Rhine Province, Germany. He is best known for the opera Hänsel und Gretel. In 1965, British singer, Arnold Dorsey, took his stage name from the composer.

1862–Federal tax is levied on tobacco in the U.S.

1864–During the American Civil War, Confederate Army General John Bell Hood orders the evacuation of Atlanta, Georgia, ending a four-month siege by General William Tecumseh Sherman.

1873–Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as King of the Zulu nation, following the death of his father, Mpande.

1875–Novelist, Edgar Rice Burroughs, is born in Chicago, Illinois. He is best known for his creation of the jungle hero, Tarzan. His first novel in the Tarzan series was Tarzan of the Apes, published in October 1912. The town of Tarzana, California, is named in his honor.

1878–Emma Nutt becomes the world's first female telephone operator when she is recruited by Alexander Graham Bell to the Boston Telephone Dispatch Company.

1878–Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is born at Rosenau Castle in Coburg, Bavaria, Germany. She was the fourth child and third daughter of Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, and Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia. She was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria, as well as of Tsar Alexander II of Russia.

1880–The army of Mohammad Ayub Khan is routed by the British at the Battle of Kandahar, ending the Second Anglo-Afghan War.

1888–George Eastman receives a patent for his roll-film camera and registers his trademark “Kodak.”

1894–Over 400 people die in the Great Hinckley Fire, a forest fire in Hinckley, Minnesota.

1896–Classical pianist, Simon Barere, is born in Odessa, Russian Empire (present-day Ukraine). Barere was especially known for his legendary speed and finger dexterity. In 1985, his complete HMV recordings, made at Abbey Road Studios between 1934 and 1936, were remastered by Bryan Crimp and issued by APR.

1896–Religious leader, A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, is born Abhay Charan De in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India. He founded the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), commonly known as the "Hare Krishna Movement." He was a major figure of the Western counterculture, initiating thousands of young Americans. Once ISKCON was more established in the U.S., a small number of devotees from the temple in San Francisco, California, were sent to London, England. After a short time, they came into contact with The Beatles, with George Harrison taking the greatest interest: he spent a significant time speaking with Bhaktivedanta Swami and producing a record with members of the later London Radha Krsna Temple.

1897–The Tremont Street Subway in opens Boston, Massachusetts, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America.

1900–Don Wilson, TV announcer for The Jack Benny Show, is born in Lincoln, Nebraska.

1901–Construction begins on the New York Stock Exchange.

1902–A Trip to the Moon, considered one of the first science fiction films, is released in France.

1905–Alberta and Saskatchewan join the Canadian Confederation.

1906–The International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys is established.

1907–Union leader, Walter (Philip) Reuther, is born in Wheeling, West Virginia. He founded United Auto Workers (UAW).

1914–Saint Petersburg, Russia, changes its name to Petrograd.

1914–The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.

1920–The Fountain of Time opens as a tribute to the 100 years of peace between the United States and Great Britain following the Treaty of Ghent.

1920–Actor, Richard Farnsworth, is born in Los Angeles, California. He appeared in the films Gunga Din, Gone with the Wind, Red River, The Paleface, Mighty Joe Young, The Wild One, The Ten Commandments, The Tin Star, Spartacus, Duel at Diablo, Texas Across the River, The Cowboys, Pocket Money, The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean, Palillon, Blazing Saddles, The Outlaw Josey Wales, Comes a Horseman, Tom Horn, Resurrection, The Grey Fox, The Natural, Misery, and The Straight Story.

1922–AT&T’s radio station WBAY makes the first radio news broadcast.

1922–Actress, Yvonne De Carlo, is born in West Point Grey, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. She starred as Lily Munster in the TV series The Munsters. She appeared in the films Road to Morocco, For Whom the Bell Tolls, Kismet, Criss Cross, The Desert Hawk, Hurricane Smith, The Ten Commandments, and Munster, Go Home!

1922–Film director, Vittorio Gassman, is born in Genoa, Liguria, Italy. His films include Daniele Cortis, The Captain’s Daughter, Anna, Sombrero, The Glass Wall, Cry of the Hunted, Rhapsody, War and Peace, The Miracle, The Divorce, La Tosca, A Wedding, Quintet, and Tempest. he was married to actress, Shelley Winters.

1923–An earthquake strikes Tokyo and Yokohama, Japan, killing 106,000 people.

1923–Boxer, Rocky Marciano, is born Rocco Francis Marchegiano in Brockton, Massachusetts. He was an undefeated professional boxer and the World Heavyweight Champion from September 23, 1952 to April 27, 1956. Marciano defended his title six times, against Jersey Joe Walcott, Roland La Starza, Ezzard Charles (twice), Don Cockell, and Archie Moore. Marciano had a short, blazing career and at the end of it he retired with a record of 49-0, a record which stands to this day.

1925–Sax player, Art Pepper, is born Arthur Edward Pepper, Jr. in Gardena, California. At the age of 17, he began playing professionally, with Benny Carter, and then with the Stan Kenton Orchestra, touring with that band, until he was drafted in 1943. After the war, he returned to Los Angeles and joined the Kenton Innovations Orchestra. By the 1950s, Pepper was recognized as one of the leading alto saxophonists in jazz. Some of Pepper's most famous albums from the 1950s are Art Pepper Meets the Rhythm Section, Art Pepper + Eleven: Modern Jazz Classics, Gettin' Together, and Smack Up. He had become a heroin addict in the 1940s, and his career was interrupted by drug-related prison sentences in 1954-1956, 1960-1961, 1961-1964 and 1964-1965; the final two sentences were served in San Quentin. After beginning methadone therapy in the mid-1970s, Pepper had a musical comeback, and recorded a series of albums including Living Legend, Art Pepper Today, Among Friends, and Live in Japan: Vol. 2.

1928–Ahmet Zogu declares Albania a monarchy, and proclaims himself its King.

1931–Heiress and socialite, Sunny von Bülow, is born Martha Sharp Crawford in Manassas, Virginia. Her husband, Claus von Bülow, was convicted of attempting to murder her by an insulin overdose, but the conviction was overturned on appeal. She was married to Prince Alfred of Auersperg.

1931–Folksinger, Boxcar Willie, is born Lecil Travis Martin in Ellis County, Texas. He sang in the "old-time hobo" music style, complete with dirty face, overalls, and a floppy hat. In 1985, Willie moved to Branson, Missouri, and purchased a theater on Highway 76 (76 Country Music Boulevard). In addition to the Boxcar Willie Theater, he opened a museum and eventually had two motels, both bearing his name. He was one of the first big stars to open a show in Branson, paving the way for the other nationally-known names that followed.

1933–Marshall Lytle, bass player for Bill Haley & His Comets, is born in Old Fort, North Carolina. He played upright slap bass on the iconic 1950s rock and roll records Crazy Man, Crazy, Shake, Rattle and Roll, and Rock Around the Clock.

1933–Politician, Ann Richards, is born Dorothy Ann Willis in Lakeview, Texas. She was the 45th Governor of Texas.

1933–Singer, Conway Twitty, is born Harold Lloyd Jenkins in Friars Point, Mississippi. He will adopt his stage name in 1957, taking his new first name from the town of Conway, Arkansas. He scored 39 #1 Billboard country hits (including four duets with Loretta Lynn), among them, Hello Darlin' and You've Never Been This Far Before. His earlier rock and roll hits include It’s Only Make Believe and Lonely Blue Boy.

1935–Symphonic conductor, Seiji Ozawa, is born in Mukden, Manchukuo (present-day Shenyang, China). He is the first Japanese conductor to achieve worldwide prominence.

1938–Attorney, Alan (Morton) Dershowitz, is born in Brooklyn, New York. He is a scholar on United States constitutional law and criminal law, and a leading defender of civil liberties. He spent most of his career at Harvard Law School, where in 1967, at the age of 28, he became the youngest full professor of law in its history.

1938–Actor, George Maharis, is born in Astoria, New York. He is best known for the role of Buz Murdock on the 1960s TV series Route 66. He was also seen on dozens of TV shows including Naked City, Hullabaloo, Night Gallery, Medical Center, Cannon, Mission: Impossible, Barnaby Jones, and Thriller. He recorded a successful album, George Maharis Sings!, which featured the hit Teach Me Tonight. He appeared in the films Exodus, Splendor in the Grass, Quick Before It Melts, The Satan Bug, A Covenant with Death, The Happening, Journey to the Unknown, The Desperados, Land Raiders, and Logan’s Run.

1939–The beginning of World War II is marked by the invasion of Poland by Nazi troops and planes. Polish defenses crumbled under the massive mechanized land and air assault.

1939–Switzerland mobilizes its forces and the Swiss Parliament elects Henri Guisan to head the Swiss Army. However, Switzerland proclaims neutrality in world affairs.

1939–Adolf Hitler signs an order to begin the systematic euthanasia of mentally ill and disabled people.

1939–Comedian-actress, Lily Tomlin, is born Mary Jean Tomlin in Detroit, Michigan. She got her start on the TV variety series Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In. She appeared in the films Nashville, The Late Show, Moment by Moment, 9 to 5, The Incredible Shrinking Woman, All of Me, Big Business, The Search for Signs of Intelligent Life in the Universe, The Player, Short Cuts, Tea with Mussolini, I Heart Huckabees, and A Prairie Home Companion. She is married to screenwriter, Jane Wagner.

1943–Actor, Don Stroud, is born Donald Lee Stroud in Honolulu, Hawaii. He appeared in the films The Ballad of Josie, Games, Coogan’s Bluff, Bloody Mama, Joe Kidd, The Killer Inside Me, The Buddy Holly Story, The Amityville Horror, License to Kill, and Django Unchained. He is the son of comedian and vaudevillian, Clarence Stroud (of The Stroud Twins), and singer, Ann Livermore (née McCormack), who toured the world with Frank Sinatra.

1944–Archie (Lee) Bell, of Archie Bell & the Drells, is born in Henderson, Texas. The group’s biggest hit was Tighten Up.

1945–Japan surrenders, ending World War II.

1946–Greg Errico, drummer for Sly and the Family Stone and Weather Report, is born in San Francisco, California.

1946–Singer, Barry Gibb, of The Bee Gees, is born Barry Alan Crompton Gibb in Douglas, Isle of Man, England. The Bee Gees are one of the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed groups in the history of popular music. With his brothers, Robin and Maurice Gibb, he formed a songwriting partnership beginning in 1966. The group’s hits include New York Mining Disaster 1941, To Love Somebody, Holiday, Words, Lonely Days, How Can You Mend a Broken Heart, Jive Talkin’, How Deep Is Your Love, and Stayin’ Alive.

1946–Politician, Roh Moo-hyun, is born in Gimhae, Gyeongsangnam-do, Southern Korea. He was the ninth President of South Korea.

1948–Communists form North China People’s Republic.

1951–The United States, Australia, and New Zealand sign a mutual defense pact called the ANZUS Treaty.

1952–The Old Man and the Sea, the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Ernest Hemingway, is published.

1953–Joseph (Stanley) Williams, keyboard player for Toto, is born in Santa Monica, California. He is the son of film composer, John Williams.

1957–Singer, Gloria Estefan, is born Gloria María Milagrosa Fajardo García in Havana, Cuba. She began her career as lead vocalist in the group Miami Sound Machine. Their hits include Conga, Rhythm Is Gonna Get You, Anything for You, and Turn the Beat Around.

1958–Iceland expands its fishing zone, putting it into conflict with the United Kingdom and beginning the Cod Wars.

1960–The Beatles become friends with Klaus Voormann and Astrid Kirchherr, who belong to a group of German existentialist intellectuals/artists known as “Exis.” Voormann is an illustrator who will later design later album covers for the band, and Kirchherr is a photographer who will take many historic photographs of The Beatles.

1961–The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate.

1961–The first conference of the Non Aligned Countries is held in Belgrade, Serbia.

1961–The Soviet Union ends a moratorium on atomic testing with an above-ground nuclear explosion in central Asia.

1961–Mersey Beat reports that Bernard Boyle has formed the first Beatles Fan Club.

1962–The United Nations announces that the Earth’s population has hit three billion.

1967–The Khmer-Chinese Friendship Association is banned in Cambodia.

1967–A papier-mâché caricature of The Beatles, created by British cartoonist Gerald Scarfe, appears on the cover of Time magazine.

1967–The movie, The Fastest Guitar Alive, starring Roy Orbison and Sheb Wooley, is released.

1969–A coup d'état in Libya brings Muammar Gaddafi to power.

1969–Tran Thien Khiem becomes Prime Minister of South Vietnam under President Nguyen Van Thieu.

1969–Bob Dylan appears at the second Isle of Wight Festival with The Band.

1970–An assassination attempt is made on King Hussein of Jordan, by Palestinian guerrillas who attack his motorcade.

1970–Television personality, Padma Lakshmi, is born in New Delhi, India. She has been the host of the reality TV show Top Chef since season two in 2006. She was married to novelist, Salman Rushdie.

1971–Fashion stylist, consultant, and designer, Rachel Zoe, is born Rachel Zoe Rosenzweig in New York, New York. She entered the fashion world without formal fashion training. Zoe's signature style, based on vintage couture and pop design, has earned her an influential position in the fashion world. In 2008, The Rachel Zoe Project, a reality show based on Zoe's life, premiered on the Bravo channel, running for five seasons. In 2011, Zoe introduced her own line of women's separates, shoes, and handbags.

1972–In Reykjavík, Iceland, American Bobby Fischer beats Russian Boris Spassky to become the world chess champion.

1973–Bob Dylan's soundtrack for the film Pat Garrett and Billy The Kid enters the LP charts. It includes the song Knockin' on Heaven's Door.

1973–J.D. Fortune, of INXS, is born Jason Dean Bennison in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.

1974–The SR-71 Blackbird sets the record for flying from New York, New York, to London, England, in one hour, 54 minutes, and 56.4 seconds, at a speed of 1,435.587 miles per hour.

1976–Record producer, Lou Adler, and his employee, Neil Silver, are kidnapped. The couple responsible will be arrested the following week.

1976–Babydaddy, of Scissor Sisters, is born Scott Hoffman in Houston, Texas. He is the younger brother of comedian, Ben Hoffman.

1976–Boxer, Érik Morales, is born Érik Isaac Morales Elvira in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico. He is the first Mexican-born boxer in history to win world titles in four different weight classes. He is a former WBC light-welterweight champion, WBC/IBF super-featherweight champion, WBC featherweight champion, and WBC/WBO super-bantamweight champion.

1977–Singer, Ethel Waters, dies of uterine cancer in Chatsworth, California, at age 80. She frequently performed jazz, big band, and pop music, on the Broadway stage and in concerts, although she began her career in the 1920s singing the blues. Her best-known recordings include Stormy Weather, Taking a Chance on Love, Heat Wave, Supper Time, Am I Blue?, Cabin in the Sky, and His Eye is on the Sparrow. She appeared in the films Cabin in the Sky, Stage Door Canteen, Pinky, The Member of the Wedding, and The Sound and the Fury.

1979–The American space probe, Pioneer 11, becomes the first spacecraft to visit Saturn, when it passes the planet at a distance of 13,000 miles.

1979–A Los Angeles Court orders television actor Clayton Moore to stop wearing his Lone Ranger mask.

1980–Major General Chun Doo-hwan becomes President of South Korea, following the resignation of Choi Kyu-hah.

1981–A coup d'état in the Central African Republic overthrows President David Dacko.

1982–The United States Air Force Space Command is founded.

1983–Korean Air Lines Flight 007 is shot down by a Soviet Union jet fighter when the commercial aircraft enters Soviet airspace. All 269 people on board die, including U.S. Congressman Lawrence McDonald.

1983–The U.S. performs a nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1985–An American-French expedition locates wreckage of the Titanic off Newfoundland.

1986–Actor, Murray Hamilton, dies of lung cancer in Washington, North Carolina, at age 63. He appeared in the films The Girl He Left Behind, The Spirit of St. Louis, Jeanne Eagels, Darby’s Rangers, No Time for Sergeants, Houseboat, Anatomy of a Murder, The FBI Story, Tall Story, The Hustler, Seconds, The Graduate, No Way to Treat a Lady, The Boston Strangler, The Way We Were, Jaws, The Amityville Horror, and Brubaker.

1991–Uzbekistan declares independence from the Soviet Union.

1995–New York City reinstates the death penalty.

1995–A ribbon-cutting ceremony is held for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio.

1995–Jazz musician, Louis Armstrong, is honored on a U.S. postage stamp. The start of sales for the new stamp is celebrated with a jazz festival in New Orleans, Louisiana, featuring Wynton Marsalis, Al Hirt, and Doc Cheatham.

1997–The death of Diana, Princess of Wales, is announced by Buckingham Palace in London, England.

2004–The Beslan School hostage crisis commences when armed terrorists take children and adults hostage in Beslan, North Ossetia, Russia.

2008–Country singer and actor, Jerry Reed, dies from complications of emphysema in Nashville, Tennessee, at age 71. He appeared in the films W.W. and the Dixie Dancekings, Gator, Smokey and the Bandit, Concrete Cowboys, The Survivors, and Stoker Ace.

2012–Lyricst, Hal David, dies from a stroke in Los Angeles, California, at age 91. David was most famous for his collaboration with songwriter, Burt Bacharach. Bacharach and David hits include Raindrops Keep Fallin' on My Head, This Guy's in Love with You, I'll Never Fall in Love Again, Do You Know the Way to San Jose, Walk On By, What the World Needs Now Is Love, I Say a Little Prayer, (There's) Always Something There to Remind Me, One Less Bell to Answer, and Anyone Who Had a Heart.

2014–Chemist and academic, Joseph Shivers, dies in Venice, Florida, at age 93. He was the developer of Spandex in the 1950s, while employed at DuPont.

2015–Actor, Dean Jones, dies of Parkinson's disease in Los Angeles, California, at age 84. He appeared in the films Somebody Up There Likes Me, These Wilder Years, Tea and Sympathy, The Opposite Sex, Designing Woman, Until They Sail, Jailhouse Rock, Never So Few, Under the Yum Yum Tree, The New Interns, Two on a Guillotine, That Darn Cat!, The Ugly Dachshund, The Love Bug, Other People’s Money, and Beethoven.

2016–A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket explodes during a routine firing test at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.


PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Elizabeth Richeza of Poland; Guru Ram Das; King Louis XIV of France; the asteroid Juno; Engelbert Humperdinck; Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada; Saint Petersburg, Russia; Vittorio Gassman; Sunny von Bülow; Conway Twitty; George Maharis; Don Stroud; The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway; papier-mâché caricature of The Beatles by Gerald Scarfe; Rachel Zoe; Erik Morales; David Dacko stamp; Murray Hamilton; and Hal David.

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